‏إظهار الرسائل ذات التسميات twitter. إظهار كافة الرسائل
‏إظهار الرسائل ذات التسميات twitter. إظهار كافة الرسائل


New Horizons Pluto

New Horizons

Pluto Discovery Image
Date: 18 Feb 1930
Copy of sections of the original glass plates on which Pluto was discovered. The arrows show Pluto's movement against the background stars. Clyde Tombaugh discovered the icy world by blinking the plates back and forth on a machine called a blink comparator.
Note: This image is property of the Lowell Observatory Archives. Any public use requires written permission of the Lowell Observatory Archives.
Credit: Lowell Observatory Archives

Pluto shows its spots to Nasa probe

The science team on the American New Horizons mission to Pluto has released two colour views of the dwarf planet and its biggest moon, Charon.

They were made by combining pictures from the probe’s high-resolution, “black and white” camera, Lorri, and its lower-resolution, colour imager known as Ralph.

The difference in hue between Pluto and Charon is clear.
But what catches the eye are four dark spots on the 2,300km-wide dwarf planet.
Each spot is about 500km across. Quite why they should be so similar in size and spacing is not clear.
Their dominant placing is on the hemisphere that New Horizons will not see during its close flyby on 14 July.

However, there should be ample opportunity to study them in the days leading up to the encounter.
“It’s a real puzzle - we don’t know what the spots are, and we can’t wait to find out,” said New Horizons principal investigator, Alan Stern, of the Southwest Research Institute.
“Also puzzling is the longstanding and dramatic difference in the colours and appearance of Pluto compared to its darker and greyer moon Charon.”

If, as scientists think, Pluto and Charon are the products of a collision between two primitive bodies in the early Solar System, one might expect them to look more similar.
New Horizon’s flyby data will hopefully provide the answer.
The US space agency (Nasa) mission is now closing in on Pluto and its five moons.
The moment of closest approach on the 14th will take place at 11:49 GMT, when the probe is just 12,500km above the surface.

It is moving too fast - at 13.7km/s - to go into orbit, and it will simply scream past the dwarf and its satellites, gathering as much data as it can.
No pictures will be sent back to Earth on the day itself; the spacecraft will be too busy executing its pre-programmed observation campaign.
Instead, the first images from the flyby should be presented on the following day, on 15 July.
Controllers have decided not to alter the course of the probe.
They had been looking for icy debris in the vicinity of Pluto that might pose a collision hazard, but could find nothing obvious.
New Horizons was commanded to make a thruster burn earlier this week, to speed it up ever so slightly.
This will ensure the spacecraft reaches a precise point in space and time to carry out the pre-programmed observation sequence.
The probe must spin around to take pictures of all the different targets, and if its navigation is off by even a small amount it will be looking in the wrong direction at the critical moment.
On Thursday, New Horizons was just under 15 million km from Pluto, but 4.7 billion km from Earth.
The vast distance to the probe's home world means a radio signal takes about 4.5 hours from sending to receipt.


#WikiLeaks publishes the #SaudiCables ويكليكس السعودية

WikiLeaks publishes the Saudi Cables

Today, Friday 19th June at 1pm GMT, WikiLeaks began publishing The Saudi Cables: more than half a million cables and other documents from the Saudi Foreign Ministry that contain secret communications from various Saudi Embassies around the world. The publication includes "Top Secret" reports from other Saudi State institutions, including the Ministry of Interior and the Kingdom's General Intelligence Services. The massive cache of data also contains a large number of email communications between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and foreign entities. The Saudi Cables are being published in tranches of tens of thousands of documents at a time over the coming weeks. Today WikiLeaks is releasing around 70,000 documents from the trove as the first tranche.
Julian Assange, WikiLeaks publisher, said: "The Saudi Cables lift the lid on a increasingly erratic and secretive dictatorship that has not only celebrated its 100th beheading this year, but which has also become a menace to its neighbours and itself."
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a hereditary dictatorship bordering the Persian Gulf. Despite the Kingdom's infamous human rights record, Saudi Arabia remains a top-tier ally of the United States and the United Kingdom in the Middle East, largely owing to its globally unrivalled oil reserves. The Kingdom frequently tops the list of oil-producing countries, which has given the Kingdom disproportionate influence in international affairs. Each year it pushes billions of petro-dollars into the pockets of UK banks and US arms companies. Last year it became the largest arms importer in the world, eclipsing China, India and the combined countries of Western Europe. The Kingdom has since the 1960s played a major role in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC) and dominates the global Islamic charity market.
For 40 years the Kingdom's Ministry of Foreign Affairs was headed by one man: Saud al Faisal bin Abdulaziz, a member of the Saudi royal family, and the world's longest-serving foreign minister. The end of Saud al Faisal's tenure, which began in 1975, coincided with the royal succession upon the death of King Abdullah in January 2015. Saud al Faisal's tenure over the Ministry covered its handling of key events and issues in the foreign relations of Saudi Arabia, from the fall of the Shah and the second Oil Crisis to the September 11 attacks and its ongoing proxy war against Iran. The Saudi Cables provide key insights into the Kingdom's operations and how it has managed its alliances and consolidated its position as a regional Middle East superpower, including through bribing and co-opting key individuals and institutions. The cables also illustrate the highly centralised bureaucratic structure of the Kingdom, where even the most minute issues are addressed by the most senior officials.
Since late March 2015 the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been involved in a war in neighbouring Yemen. The Saudi Foreign Ministry in May 2015 admitted to a breach of its computer networks. Responsibility for the breach was attributed to a group calling itself the Yemeni Cyber Army. The group subsequently released a number of valuable "sample" document sets from the breach on file-sharing sites, which then fell under censorship attacks. The full WikiLeaks trove comprises thousands of times the number of documents and includes hundreds of thousands of pages of scanned images of Arabic text. In a major journalistic research effort, WikiLeaks has extracted the text from these images and placed them into our searchable database. The trove also includes tens of thousands of text files and spreadsheets as well as email messages, which have been made searchable through the WikiLeaks search engine.
By coincidence, the Saudi Cables release also marks two other events. Today marks three yearssince WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange entered the Ecuadorian Embassy in London seeking asylum from US persecution, having been held for almost five years without charge in the United Kingdom. Also today Google revealed that it had been been forced to hand over more data to the US government in order to assist the prosecution of WikiLeaks staff under US espionage charges arising from our publication of US diplomatic cables.

نقلت بي بي سي نبأ إعلان ويكيليكس أنها ستنشر أكثر من نصف مليون وثيقة مسربة من السعودية يعتقد أن اختراق الحوثيين 
 لمواقع سعودية رسمية هو مصدرها.

ونشر موقع ويكيليكس مساء الجمعة قرابة 60 ألف برقية دبلوماسية يزعم إنها مسربة من وثائق المؤسسات الدبلوماسية السعودية.
وأشار الموقع في بيان أصدره أنه بصدد نشر أكثر من 500 ألف من وثائق الدبلوماسية السعودية على الانترنت، الخطوة التي تذكر بالتسريبات الكبيرة التي نشرها الموقع من برقيات وزارة الخارجية الأمريكية في عام 2010.

ولا توجد وسيلة مباشرة حتى الآن للتحقق من صحة هذه الوثائق، على الرغم من أن الموقع عرف بتاريخه الطويل في الحصول على تسريبات وثائق حكومية من بلدان أخرى وعلى نطاق واسع.
وتحمل الوثائق، التي عرضها الموقع باللغة العربية، في أعلاها شعارات وعناوين مثل "المملكة العربية السعودية" أو "وزارة الخارجية" ، حمل بعضها صفات "عاجل" أو "سري". وحملت واحدة من هذه الوثائق المنشورة، على الأقل، عنوان السفارة السعودية في واشنطن.

وتقول وكالة أسوشييتد برس أنها فحصت العديد من هذه الوثائق وهي نتاج عمل إداري روتيني، وهي وثائق مرسلة عبر الإيميل أو الفاكس، وإن المتحدث باسم ويكيليكس كريستن هرافنسن يقول إنه واثق من صحة هذه الوثائق. على الرغم من الوكالة لم تتمكن من التحقق من ذلك من مصدر مستقل.
ولم يتضح بعد كيف حصل الموقع على هذه الوثائق، على الرغم من أنه أشار في بيانه إلى هجوم إلكتروني مؤخرا على وزارة الخارجية السعودية، شنته مجموعة تطلق على نفسها اسم الجيش اليمني الإلكتروني.
وقد رفض المتحدث باسم الموقع توضيح ما ورد في البيان في هذا الشأن أو القول بأن قراصنة إلكترونيين هم من سربوا هذه الوثائق الى الموقع. وكان الحوثيون قد زعموا الشهر الماضي أنهم اخترقوا مواقع الخارجية السعودية واستولوا على آلاف الوثائق حسب زعمهم.
ومن الوثائق المزعومة طلب لمساعدة زعيم الحرب الأهلية اللبنانية سمير جعجع وغيرها من الوثائق المزعومة.
من جانبها، حذرت وزارة الخارجية السعودية المواطنين من تجنب الدخول إلى أي موقع بغرض الحصول على وثائق أو معلومات مسربة قد تكون غير صحيحة بقصد الإضرار بأمن الوطن.
ونشرت الوزارة عبر حسابها على «تويتر»، صباح السبت، «عزيزي المواطن_الواعي: تجنب الدخول إلى أي موقع بغرض الحصول على وثائق أو معلومات مسربة قد تكون غير صحيحة، بقصد الإضرار بأمن الوطن».ة.
وأضافت «عزيزي المواطن_الواعي:لا تنشر أي وثائق قد تكون مزورة تساعد أعداء الوطن في تحقيق غاياتهم».


Buying Silence: How the Saudi Foreign Ministry controls Arab media



Saudi-led warplanes hit 'jewel' of Islamic culture in Sanaa

Saudi-led warplanes hit 'jewel' of Islamic culture in Sanaa - See more at: http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/unesco-condemns-alleged-saudi-strike-old-city-sanaa-1074690872#sthash.dH05U4bU.dKDGtcTW.dpufUNESCO has condemned the destruction of part of the Old City of Sanaa in Yemen by a Saudi airstrike.
The strike on Friday killed five people and destroyed three houses, laying waste to much of the World Heritage Site.


       Explosion in Old City of Sana

 Locals said it marked the first direct hit on old Sanaa since the Saudi-led coalition began their bombing campaign against Houthi militias in Yemen in late March.
AFP reported that the airstrike hit the Qassimi neighbourhood, which contains thousands of houses built before the 11th century.
"For sure we did not conduct any operation inside (the) city," Brigadier General Ahmed al-Assiri, the coalition spokesman, told AFP.
"Several days before they [Houthis] had an explosion in one of their storage" areas, he said. "So it could be one of these."
UNESCO on Friday expressed its alarm at the scale of the destruction.
“I am profoundly distressed by the loss of human lives as well as by the damage inflicted on one of the world’s oldest jewels of Islamic urban landscape,” said UNESCO’s director general, Irina Bokova.

“I am shocked by the images of these magnificent many-storeyed tower-houses and serene gardens reduced to rubble. This destruction will only exacerbate the humanitarian situation and I reiterate my call to all parties to respect and protect cultural heritage in Yemen. This heritage bears the soul of the Yemeni people, it is a symbol of a millennial history of knowledge and it belongs to all humankind.”
The Saudi-led coalition has stated its desire to see exiled former President Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi restored to power in Yemen and undermine what they see as Iranian-backed instability in the country.
The destruction wreaked upon the Old City of Sanaa, however, marks just the latest piece of Yemen's historical antiquities to be damaged in the fighting, coming less than two weeks after the Dhamar Regional Museum in the Hirran province of Yemen's Dhamar district was "completely destroyed" by Saudi airstrikes, according to the Khabar News Agency.
Writing for al-Araby al-Jadeed, journalist Abubakr al-Shamahi lamented the level of damage caused to Yemen’s ancient heritage by the Saudi-led bombing campaign.
“Dar al-Hajar, the rock palace that lies in a valley just outside Sanaa, was almost hit by missiles last week,” he wrote. “The Marib Dam, on the site of what locals say is the world's first ever dam, has been hit. The archaeological sites of the ancient civilisation that dam allowed to prosper, Sheba, have barely been uncovered from the sands. Yet even they have not escaped, with the Temple of Sheba, one of Yemen's national symbols, caught in the crossfire during the fighting in the area.
“Of course, the lives of the thousands killed in Yemen's war are more important. But I, and many other Yemenis, feel a deep sense of pain when we see the destruction of our heritage, places that we want to share with the world."


We're fasting ‪#‎4Yemen‬ Will you? #yemen

At least 12 million people in Yemen don’t have enough to eat because the ongoing conflict has blocked food and water supplies in the country. Yemenis need an end to this humanitarian crisis and an end to the violence.

We need to stand with the people of Yemen. Join us for the global day of fasting ‪#‎4Yemen‬.

Let’s fast for 12 hours in solidarity with the 12 million Yemenis who are going hungry because of the conflict - and let’s call on world leaders to get food and supplies into Yemen urgently

At least 12 million people in #Yemen don’t have enough to eat because the ongoing conflict has blocked food and water...
Posted by Surah-Taha on Thursday, 11 June 2015



#Saudi Arabia pay for their attack on #Yemen #Najran for ascend day #SaudiArabia #Houthi

#Saudi Arabia pay for their attack on #Yemen #Najran for ascend day #SaudiArabia #Houthi 


Tweets a Yemeni Blogger about the Horrors of War “We Walk Around Death,” #YEMEN

Tweets a Yemeni Blogger about the Horrors of War “We Walk Around Death,” #YEMEN 

UPDATE 4/20/2015


The massive explosions in the Yemeni capital Sanaa http://aje.io/wl9h
Posted by Al Jazeera English on Monday, 20 April 2015

You can still reserve your seats to join the debate with me on #SaudiArabia #Yemen & #Venezuela! yoursay@imafilm.com!
Posted by George Galloway MP on Sunday, 19 April 2015

Air strike on missile base in #Yemen capital causes huge explosion http://t.co/I2ThY0u8MO
Posted by NADEEM MALIK on Monday, 20 April 2015

Retweeted CNN Breaking News (@cnnbrk):Houthi leader in Yemen makes speech saying rebel forces will not back down despite weeks of Saudi airstrikes. http://t.co/SdobNkuAEi
Posted by Rosemary Church CNN on Sunday, 19 April 2015

This picture shows one of our warehouses in Saada, northern Yemen after a coalition airstrike hit on Saturday. The...
Posted by Oxfam GB on Monday, 20 April 2015

Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi has condemned Monday’s bombing of a weapons depot in Sanaa that destroyed the Indonesian embassy building nearby and left two diplomats and another Indonesian national injured.
Posted by The Jakarta Globe on Monday, 20 April 2015

"I was there when the Indians picked up 200 of their people from the port. It was embarrassing. We were just sitting there waiting for someone to come and say 'OK where are the Americans, let's pick them up,'" says Muna Mansour, who is from Buffalo, New York.Stranded Americans fend for themselves in war-torn Yemen: http://cnn.it/1E0mYvV
Posted by Early Start on Monday, 20 April 2015

A thick pillar of smoke rose into the air a strike on a Scud missile base in the Yemeni capital Sanaa caused a huge explosion, residents told Reuters news agency.
Posted by Al Arabiya English on Monday, 20 April 2015

Deposed Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh has denied any alliance or military coordination with Houthis rebels, saying...
Posted by Al Arabiya English on Monday, 20 April 2015

'My children are terrified and one of my relatives fainted because of the force of the blast'
Posted by RT on Monday, 20 April 2015

Yemen grinds to a halt for lack of gasSANAA, Yemen — Hamoud al-Harazi’s brush with death happened while he was trying...
Posted by ‎Unofficial: המוסד למודיעין ולתפקידים מיוחדים (Mossad)‎ on Sunday, 19 April 2015

Why is Saudi Arabia, along with their coalition partners (Qatar, UAE, Bahrain, Israel, Egypt, USA), on the same side as...
Posted by Mint Press News on Sunday, 19 April 2015

"The United Nations Security Council held an emergency session on the crisis in Yemen. Or, as President Obama calls it: “the success in Yemen.” -Jodi Miller
Posted by NewsBusters.org on Sunday, 19 April 2015

A Shiite rebel leader in Yemen vowed to not surrender Sunday amid Saudi-led airstrikes in a rambling speech that...
Posted by Global News on Sunday, 19 April 2015

American families who've managed to flee Yemen on their own ask why the U.S. government hasn't done more to get Americans out of the war-torn country. http://cnn.it/1Ox8XHv
Posted by CNN on Monday, 20 April 2015

EU faces fresh horror in the Med; Somalia evicts thousands of displaced persons; Azerbaijan crackdown ahead of European...
Posted by Human Rights Watch on Monday, 20 April 2015

Mr Shami warns that there will be bigger battles ahead, if and when the war ends. “Many children have got used to the...
Posted by The Milli Gazette on Sunday, 19 April 2015

Barack Obama discusses Yemen's Situation with Saudi King.
Posted by The Live Mirror on Sunday, 19 April 2015

"Iran Guard rejects inspection of military sites; Yemen government rejects Iran's four-point peace plan..." // via HyperVocal's "Politics Influencer" News Feed
Posted by HyperVocal on Sunday, 19 April 2015

Israel benefiting from Saudi’s ‘dirty’ war on Yemen, senior Iranian politician says
Posted by The Jerusalem Post / JPost.com on Sunday, 19 April 2015

Clashes between rebels and pro-government forces in Yemen and Saudi-led air strikes killed 44 people, medics and local...
Posted by MANILA BULLETIN on Monday, 20 April 2015

#Yemen war will engulf #Saudi #Arabia, #Iranian commander warns
Posted by Rudaw English on Monday, 20 April 2015

Bomb blast hits Indonesian Embassy in Yemen injuring two - http://ow.ly/LQlCM
Posted by Astro AWANI on Monday, 20 April 2015


Catastrophic air strike & explosion today. Damages reached a diameter of 10km n #Sanaa. Cars n fuel Q damaged. #Yemenhttp://t.co/JphMMvNcO1 

RT @YemenPostNews Dozens injured and Hundreds of businesses closed down in Sanaa. #Saudi airstrike in downtown Sanaa. #Yemen #اليمن 

Photo: Aftermath of the massive explosion in #Sanaa#Yemen today. Residential buildings nearby destroyed.http://t.co/qRaDj3AY1D

RT @Rubiconski Chemical weapons used by #SaudiArabia in #Yemen kill dozens of civilians http://t.co/e2aDSaZEZmhttp://t.co/B5pCaYpeCt

RT @YemenPostNews Destruction of cars & homes as #Saudistrikes residential area near Attan Military base in Sanaa. #Yemenhttp://t.co/nI9… 

Exclusive picture of the moment of Attan explosion by AW from the Social Fund for Development building. #Sanaa #Yemenhttp://t.co/hXeb0CRR59

A series of explosions continue to be heard inside Faj Attan mountain, #Sanaa with fire in spot of the strike. #Yemenhttp://t.co/vIJPDrLVpG 

RT @Afrahnasser A friend in Sanaa texted me this, saying; I dont know how am I still alive. It was like an earthquake swallowing us.

RT @rConflictNews NEW VIDEOGIANT explosion after Saudi-led coalition hits a missile brigade by #Sanaa 

RT @AusNewsNetwork #BREAKING: Explosion seen at a military site after reported air strike on Faj Attan mountain in #Sanaa, #Yemen.http://… 

 RT @Wesamqaid Huge explosion rocks Hadda #Sanaa. @SMEPSYEMEN office windows implode staff all safe no one hurt. Thank God! http://t.co/rc… 

RT @Fatikr Protesters in Germany rally against Saudi attacks in Yemen #YemenUnderAttack #HandsOffYemen #KefayaWarhttp://t.co/zaazPWUT6C 

adelsaIah: 797 deaths and 2,906 injured from the war in Yemen. #Decisive_Storm kills Yemeni children #arabkillingyemenies @CNNhttp://t.co/bsilBqUeTq 

RT @SAIDYOUSIF Stop the war in #Yemen .Stop killing children and civilians #Bahrain #saudi #uae #kuwait #qatar#YemenUnderAttack http://t.… 

 RT @AssetSourceApp Houthi artillery kills 3 more Saudi troops near Dahran al-Janoob. #Decisive_Storm airstrikes continue to pound rebels h… 

RT @Chara_fc A man injured by #SaudiAirStrikes,lies on a hospital bed in #Sanaa,#YemenUnderAttack #YemenCrisis April 16http://t.co/Coku2W… 

RT @BarackObamair The security council authorizes Saudi Arabia to continue its crimes against the people of yemen !!!http://t.co/l3WmDARR… 

RT @AssetSourceApp #Aden area hit hard today by Saudi airstrikes. #Decisive_Storm http://t.co/FuP7Ok2Yrg 

RT @NatCounterPunch There is another war being waged by Saudi Arabia, this one entirely within its own borders. http://t.co/RR7eF0GL50

Hands off Yemen protest against Saudi bombing! #YemenUnderAttack #Yemen http://t.co/O4PY3JeiIG 

A boy carries a weapon during a protest in #Sanaa, #Yemen, against Saudi-led airstrikes. http://t.co/QIglGbc7kF 

RT @shahid_shehla #DontParticipateInYemenWar 14 children among the injured from 
#Saudi airstrike on residential building in Sanaa.http://… 

RT @AbbsWinston Stop arming Saudi Arabia! Anti-war activists protest UK-backed Yemen airstrikes — RT UKhttp://t.co/kUz1FHtaY9 http://t.… 

 RT @Isham_AlAssad 857 #Yemenis killed by bombing of #SaudiArabia (160 child under 5 yrs, 32 women, 13 elderly ppl. & 1214 also wounded) ht… 

RT @Ruptly Saudi-led airstrikes hit residential area hit in #Sanaa Video: http://t.co/amsJZBPqFf #Yemen http://t.co/tlicoDuCnj 

RT @AhmadAlgohbary Saudi/US led air strike on Bani Mattar today killing innocent people pics of today bombing on #Sanaa#Yemen http://t.c… 

RT @yemen_updates Artistic pictures by #Sanaa residents who seem to enjoy the contrast: blackout/darkness and air defence fire. #Yemen

RT @XHNews Anti-war protesters gather outside Saudi embassy in Cairo, and urged Riyadh to stop bombing Yemen http://t.co/0gcFYUG9bm

Photos of the Displaced Camp which the Arab Allianc attacked yesterday in Haradh 

Yemen, Saudiarabia, Yemenunderattack, Sanaa, Saynotosaudi, Yemenis, Saudi, Iran, Al_huthi, Saudi Arabia, Al_huthi Yemen, Irantalks, Irandeal, Syria, Handsoffyemen, Saudiarab, Ansarullah, Houthi, Yemenattack, Yemenunderattack Saudiarabia, Decisive_storm, Riyadh

Noam Chomsky: Yemen is the most extraordinary global terrorism campaign in history

Saudi-led air strikes continue in Yemen, one ground force member killed

Eighteen out of Yemen's 22 governorates have been attacked by the Saudi-led alliance since the war on Yemen began on March 26, says the United Nations. The trail of destruction has left hundreds of people dead, thousands wounded and a nation of 24 million people living in poverty, horror and the lack of basic life essentials.

Although Operation Decisive Storm airstrikes are intended to bomb military facilities and weapon depots to quell the Houthi rebels supported by ousted president Ali Abdullah Saleh, the strikes have resulted in a lot of death, displacement and destruction across the country. Despite the massive number of strikes over the past three weeks, the Houthi/Saleh brutal aggression has spread to the south and intensified, particularly in Aden, killing many civilians and destroying residential neighbourhoods as well.

Backed by its Gulf Arab allies, Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Sudan and Saudi Arabia launched an airstrike operation against Houthi fighters who took control of Yemen in January. The effort is also being supported by the US, which is providing its Saudi partner with intelligence and logistical support.

The United Nations estimates that around 150,000 people have been displaced, and the World Health Organisation, citing Yemeni Health Ministry sources, reports 767 people had been killed and more than 2,900 wounded in less than a month.

The latest report published by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian gives an overview of the infrastructure that has been destroyed, damaged and disrupted as a result of the fighting.

Those stuck at home have no fuel, cooking gas or water. Food is scarce, and electricity is non-existent.

Living Amid Continuous Air Strikes and Bombardments

Residents in the capital Sana'a and in Aden have been tweeting day and night about the horrors they are facing during the war.

From Sana'a, Osama Abdullah describes life in the capital as “walking around death”:

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